Last Modified

   16 May 2017

Molecular Modeling and Structure-based Drug Design Systems

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ONIOM Interface for Receptor

- Full Automatic Multi-Layer ONIOM Interface -


2017/04/10 Compatible to Gaussian16

2016/03/26 The function of ONIOM Interface is strengthened and available for calculating the whole system.


ONIOM Interface

Figure shows the result of ONIOM single-point calculations (RHF/6-31G:RAM1:AMBER) for the whole system which is constructed of a hetero dimer of two nuclear receptors (including ligand-binding domain and DNA-binding domain), hormone response elements of DNA, and cofactor fragments. In this calculation, two types of small compounds and four zinc atoms are set to the high layer (depicted in spheres), the protein residues, nucleotides, and water molecules around 4 angstrom from the high layer are set to the medium layer (depicted in balls and cylinders), and the other structures are set to the low layer (depicted in sticks). Since ONIOM Interface can automatically prepare all parameters, Gaussian program can be initiated simultaneously after starting the ONIOM Interface.


The most powerful and sophisticated molecular modeling environment

HyperChem  front-ended


The most powerful computational chemistry environment

Gaussian  back-ended


Feature & Function

At present, the ONIOM method of Gaussian, the MOZYME method of Mopac200X, and the ab-initio fragment MO method are the representative quantum chemistry calculations for calculating a big molecular system such as a protein molecule system. ONIOM Interface for Receptor is an interface for performing the multi-layer ONIOM calculations of Gaussian using the HyperChem. On the other hand, an interface, Mopac Interface for HyperChem, to the MOZYME method is available for HyperChem. Thus, two of three representative quantum chemistry calculation methods become available for calculating the big molecular system using the HyperChem graphical user interface.

ONIOM Interface for Receptor can automatically create a Gaussian job file for performing the 2-layer (QM:QM and QM:MM) and 3-layer (QM:QM:QM and QM:QM:MM) ONIOM calculations of Gaussian using the excellent HyperChem molecular modeling functions. The results (atomic charge and the structure) of the Gaussian calculations can be reflected to the molecular system in the HyperChem workspace immediately.* The interface can deal with a molecule system, which consists of biological macromolecules (proteins and/or nucleic acids) and small molecules such as a receptor and a ligand, and can automatically create the missing parameters of force field, the link atoms, and the charges.**  Thus, as soon as the program is started, the Gaussian job can be initiated after several seconds without any manual parameter settings, regardless of the preparation of the job file for the 2-layer or 3-layer ONIOM calculation for the big molecular system (the program is also very useful for preparing the Gaussian job file of the UNIX 64 bit platforms.).

ONIOM Interface for Receptor and Gaussian Interface for HyperChem are the add-on programs to the Peripheral Modeling program. Thus, this program can operate a molecular system under the quantum chemistry conditions.

See examples.


* When a checkpoint file name is specified in the Link0 entry box of ONIOM Interface for Receptor, the results such as the molecular orbitals and electrostatic potentials of the corresponding Gaussian job can be analyzed in detail, using a Gaussian viewer through the checkpoint or formcheck file prepared.

** In cases of (QM:MM) and (QM:QM:MM), only Amber force field is available for the molecular mechanics method in the low layer model chemistry.


The following figures show the results of superposition between the initial structure (blue) and the optimized structure (red). The Gaussian job was performed at the 2-layer ONIOM(HF/6-31G*:Amber) model chemistry.

 Results of the ONIOM 2-layer Geometry Optimizations


The following figures show the results of superposition between the initial structure (red) and the optimized structure (blue). The initial structure was prepared using the Peripheral Modeling Professional program and the optimized structure was extracted from the Gaussian job file using the add-on ONIOM Interface for Receptor. The Gaussian job was performed at the 2-layer ONIOM(HF/6-31G*:Amber) model chemistry. Figure at the right hand side shows the superposition between the initial structure and the optimized structure obtained from the partial optimizations using frozen atom conditions for the heavy atoms in the low layer parts of the receptor.



Motonori Tsuji, Molecular Science. 1, NP004, 2007.

Science319, 624-7, 2008.

Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 339, 173-177, 2010.

Biochemistry. 49, 10647-10655, 2010.

Plant Cell Physiol. 53, 1638-1647, 2012.

Motonori Tsuji, Journal of Structural Biology. 185, 355-365, 2014.

Motonori Tsuji, et. al., Journal of Computer-Aided Molecular Design. 2015, 29, 975-988.

Motonori Tsuji, Journal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling. 2015, 62, 262-275.

Motonori Tsuji, et. al., FEBS Open Bio. 2017, 7, 391-396, DOI: 10.1002/2211-5463.12188.

Motonori Tsuji. Journal of Computer-Aided Molecular Design. 2017, in press, DOI: 10.1007/s10822-017-0025-6.


Recommended Minimum System Requirements

Processor: Intel Pentium III, Pentium 4, Celeron, Core2Duo, Xeon, or later (1GHz recommended)

Operating System: Microsoft Windows 95, 98, NT4, 2000, XP, Vista, 7, 8.x and 10 (32 bit or 64 bit version)

Memory (RAM): 256 MB (512 MB recommended)

Video Card: OpenGL board

Other: HD (30 MB for storage); CD-ROM drive; Mouse


Software Requirements

HyperChem: 6.x/7.x/8.x (Windows version)

Gaussian: Gaussian98W Revisoin A.9 or later (i.e. Gaussian03W, 09W, or 16W (32bit or 64bit, Single- or Multi-Processor version) recommended) is necessary to reflect the results of the Gaussian calculations to HyperChem.*

TclPro1.2: TclPro1.2 (Windows version) is necessary to run ONIOM Interface for Receptor. TclPro1.2 is available on the Web free of charge (Download using web browsers other than Microsoft Edge).

* It will be necessary to edit the created Gaussian job file in order to run on Gaussian98, because of different format (ONIOM) between Gaussian98 and Gaussian03.



Compatible to the Protein Data Bank format versions 3.0-3.3.

ONIOM Interface for Receptor has been integrated to the Peripheral Modeling module program in the Homology Modeling Professional for HyperChem package. Refer also to the Peripheral Modeling program.

ONIOM Interface for Receptor is only available for the molecular system which consists of at least one or more biological macromolecules (proteins and/or nucleic acids) and one or more small molecules (or metal atoms).




* HyperChem is a registered trademark of Hypercube, Inc.

** Gaussian is a registered trademark of Gaussian, Inc.



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